In the United States, where energy is a low-cost option to imported oil, there are a variety of uses for natural gas as a source of energy. Experts predict that in the coming years, natural gas will outperform all contending fuels as the fuel of choice for companies, government entities, convoys, property owners, and motorcyclists. Let's look at how natural gas is currently used in the United States.
Natural gas is used in several ways by both residential citizens and commercial enterprises across the United States. Heating in residences and office complexes, as well as energy production at industrial facilities, are two of the major uses of natural gas.
Natural gas consumption is split 80/20 between residential and commercial customers in the United States. Homeowners account for one-fifth of all use, with the remainder going to commercial and government office towers, industrial plants, and other large facilities.
Natural Gas Applications in Industry
A rundown of natural gas use by industry shows the extent to which the fuel has converted various sectors. Natural gas is a cleaner energy alternative. It is therefore used for everything from heating and drying to preparing food, lighting, and refrigeration. The breakdown of natural gas consumption by sector is as follows:
Natural gas is used for a range of manufacturing purposes in industrial facilities and pressing plants. The gas controls the heavy machinery that moves every item from one phase of assembly to the next as products flow along with assembly operations. Natural gas also powers the heaters, coolers, and air filters that keep factory air cleaner. Overall, industrial usage accounts for approximately 35% of total NYC natural gas usage in the United States. Natural gas is a major source of energy for the following industries.
- Fertilizer: Fertilizer is primarily produced on American farmlands by chemical industries that use natural gas as the main energy source. As a result, natural gas is among the driving factors behind the agriculture and manufacturing industries, as the fuel is willing to take responsibility for the chemical that allows farmers to produce crops, fruit, and vegetables for the nation's grocery stores.
- Chemicals: Natural gas is used in the production of a wide range of chemical compounds for industrial and manufacturing applications. Antifreeze, for instance, is a material produced in establishments that rely heavily on fuel as a heat and electricity source. As a result, even though natural gas has yet to catch on as a potential substitute for gasoline in cars, vans, and commercial vehicles, it is already one of the key drivers behind all traffic on the country's highways and roads.
- Hydrogen: Natural gas is a popular fuel source in industrial plants that generate hydrogen for a spectrum of uses.
Domestic use of natural gas is likely to boost industrial facilities throughout the country as natural gas channels expand throughout the country.
The Electric Power Industry
Natural gas has produced substantial inroads into the electric power industry, where it reports for 26% of total energy utilization. As a result, the industry contributes to more than a third of total natural gas consumption in the United States. In 2017, electronically controlled plants accounted for 34% of total natural gas consumption. These businesses generate electricity, which they then sell to other businesses, extending the fuel's reach as a driving factor behind multiple industries.
The manufacturing, shipping, delivery, and storage of natural gas necessitate stringent safety standards and regulations. Because a natural gas leak could result in an explosion, strict government policies and regulatory requirements are in place to make sure safe natural gas transit, storage, allocation, and use. Since processed natural gas has no odor, natural gas corporations add a strong, rotten egg-like odor called mercaptan to it for people to detect leaks.