Betta fish are small but mighty. Their Status as Endangered Species in the wild and the fact that they’re only found in Southeast Asia make them even more unique and adorable. If you’ve never owned a pet fish before, now is the time to start! Betta fish are one of the simplest pets to take care of, especially if you already have experience with other types of aquarium fish. With a little bit of research, you’ll discover that owning a betta fish is a great idea. In this article, you will learn about the common names, features, types, and endangered status of this fascinating freshwater fish. You will also learn about the various places where you can purchase betta fish, their care, and how much they cost. Read on to learn more!
Betta Fish Common and Scientific Names
The common names for a betta fish are “Siamese fighting fish” and “bettas”. They are also referred to as the “angelfish of the fish world”. Betta fish are scientifically classified as ‘gourami’, in the family Osphronemidae.
Betta Fish Features
Betta fish are known for their vibrantly colored bodies and long, flowing fins. They grow to be about 2 inches in length and are often kept in small containers.
Bettas have oval-shaped bodies that are compressed laterally, usually with a deep body. Bettas will also develop distinctive “shoulders” as they age. Females will be much thicker than the males and have a short, blunt tail fin. Male bettas have a long, flowing tail fin that is pointed at the end. The males will also have bright colors on their scales while females will not.
Betta fish tend to thrive better when they live in aquariums with plants or other hiding places for them to seek shelter; however, betta fish that live in bowls don’t need any decorations or plants because they can easily see all around them from the water surface. Bettas need room to swim and explore, so it’s best to get them an aquarium where they can swim freely without bumping into anything or getting stuck behind something like decoration or plants. Bettas can easily jump out of shallow water or even high tanks so make sure you get a tank that’s at least 3 inches deep.
Betta Fish Care
Betta fish are very low maintenance. They don’t need much to be happy, and they’re usually contained in a 10-gallon tank with an air pump, filter, water conditioner, and heater.
Aquariums come in many shapes and sizes, but a good rule of thumb is to never keep more than one betta per 10 gallons of water.
If you want your betta to thrive, make sure that you follow the recommended care guidelines. The most important thing is ensuring your tank has enough oxygen. If you have a small tank or live in a cold area without access to good air pumps, consider adding an air stone or other form of aeration to the tank.
If you want your betta fish to live for several years (rather than just a few months), be sure to feed it live food at least once per day. Most people feed their betta fish pellets or freeze-dried food once per week. Betta fish can eat brine shrimp, bloodworms, blackworms and fruit flies as well as flake foods. You should also provide clean drinking water for your betta by changing the water every day. Keep the temperature between 75°F-78°F (24°C-25°C)
Betta Fish Habitat and Tank Size
Betta fish originate from freshwater sources in Southeast Asia and are typically found in rice paddies, drainage ditches, and stagnant water ponds. They can grow to be as large as five inches long, but most of them are much smaller than that.
The Betta’s natural habitat is a small container like a bowl or vase with a lid because they need to be able to breathe out of the water. These containers should have plenty of hiding spots and live plants for your Betta fish to explore. The bedding should be either gravel or sand so that your pet doesn't accidentally swallow any while eating.
The size of the tank you choose will depend on how many Bettas you want to keep and how many space limitations you have in your home or office. One gallon per Betta is sufficient for a single Betta fish. If you want to keep more than one, it's recommended you use at least a 10-gallon tank per Bettas. You may also consider an aquarium for larger Bettas because those tanks are often taller which gives the betta more room to swim around.
Betta Fish Types: Male, Female, and Baby
Betta fish are a type of freshwater fish that are found in Southeast Asia. They’re also called Siamese Fighting Fish because they have a natural tendency to fight with other males. There are three main types of betta fish: male, female, and baby.
Male Betta Fish
Male betta fish are normally either blue or red with a more slender body shape than the females. Their fins are typically more pointed as well and have a longer tail. Males can be aggressive and will often fight with other males for territory or food.
Female Betta Fish
Female betta fish can be any color you want them to be (blue, red, purple, green). Female betta fish are thicker bodied than males and have shorter tails. Females will also not fight with other females unless it’s mating season or there is an extreme shortage of food and shelter space available. Females will also lay eggs on occasion which means they need a nest where they can lay their eggs safely away from any potential danger (read below).
Baby Betta Fish
Baby bettas are known as fry because they haven’t grown into their adult form yet. Fry come in all different colors just like the adults do but their fins can sometimes look raggedy due to the fact that they don’t know how to swim yet (they swim by flipping themselves around in the water). They grow extremely quickly so you may not even notice when your fry
If you’ve never owned a pet fish before, now is the time to start! Betta fish are one of the simplest pets to take care of, especially if you already have experience with other types of aquarium fish. With a little bit of research, you’ll discover that owning a betta fish is a great idea. In this article, you will learn about the common names, features, types, and endangered status of this fascinating freshwater fish. You will also learn about the various places where you can purchase betta fish, their care, and how much they cost.