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Gravity Roller Conveyors: A Beginner’s Guide

Gravity Roller Conveyors: A Beginner’s Guide

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In any Australian industry, regardless of its size, having material handling systems is crucial for operations and increased productivity. Among the options available, many businesses opt for gravity roller conveyors. Whether you’re new to the world of conveyors or seeking information about this type, this beginner guide will give you a comprehensive overview. Let’s get started.

What are Gravity Roller Conveyors?

Gravity roller conveyors in Australia utilise the force of gravity to move products from one point to another. They consist of a series of rollers mounted on a frame. When products are manually placed on these rollers at an incline or in a position, they naturally move along the path due to gravity.

Benefits of Using Gravity Roller Conveyors

1. Cost Effective Solution

Gravity roller conveyors provide an option for businesses aiming to optimise their material handling processes without incurring costs. Their simple design reduces both installation and maintenance expenses.

2. Low Energy Consumption

Unlike traditional conveyor systems that rely on power to operate, gravity roller conveyors do not require external energy sources like motors or electricity. As a result, they have low energy consumption levels, making them an environmentally friendly choice.

3. Modular and Expandable

The great thing about gravity roller conveyors is that they can easily be customised and expanded whenever you need to. Whether your business is growing or your requirements are changing, you can seamlessly add sections and incorporate additional features.

4. Durability and Longevity

Gravity roller conveyors are designed to last long. They have moving parts and are built with sturdy materials like stainless steel or aluminium frames, along with rollers that have bearings. This construction ensures lasting performance in demanding conditions.

Applications of Gravity Roller Conveyors;


Gravity roller conveyors play a role in warehousing facilities where there’s a need to sort, palletise or transport products across areas. They can handle types of goods from boxes and cartons to pallets and crates.

2. Production

Gravity roller conveyors are used in manufacturing plants for assembly lines, automated production processes, or manual handling tasks. They enable the movement of components or finished goods between workstations or machinery.

3. Retail and E-commerce

Due to the growth in the Australian e-commerce industry, there’s a demand for order fulfilment centres. Gravity roller conveyors facilitate the movement of packages and parcels through stages of order processing, from picking and packing all the way to shipping.

4. Baggage Handling at Airports

Airports rely on a system of gravity roller conveyors to transport luggage within terminals efficiently. These conveyors ensure a flow of baggage from check-in counters to sorting areas and departure gates, reducing delays and enhancing the passenger experience.

Key Factors to Consider When Choosing Gravity Roller Conveyors

1. Load Capacity

It is important to determine the weight and dimensions of the items you intend to transport using the conveyor system. This will help you select rollers that can bear the load for performance.

2. Roller Size and Spacing;

The size and spacing of rollers should be chosen based on the size, weight and type of items being conveyed. Sufficient space between rollers must be maintained to prevent jamming or damage.

3. Integration with Equipment;

If you plan on integrating your gravity roller conveyor with machinery or systems such as sortation equipment or powered conveyors, make sure they are compatible before making a purchase.

4. Conveyor Length and Layout;

When determining the length and layout of your conveyor system, consider the space in your facility. Accurate measurements are essential for optimising floor space utilisation while allowing clearance for workers or other equipment.

Maintenance Tips for Prolonging Gravity Roller Conveyor System Lifespan

  • Keep your conveyor clean by removing debris, dust or other materials that may accumulate on the rollers or frame. It will prevent any blockages. Ensure the system runs smoothly.
  • Regularly inspect for any damaged rollers, frames, bearings or drive belts. Replace worn-out components promptly to avoid disruptions in your material handling operations.
  • Apply the recommended lubricants to the bearings or moving parts as the manufacturer specifies. This will reduce friction, extend the lifespan of the components and ensure operation.    


Gravity roller conveyors offer advantages in industries due to their cost effectiveness, durability and versatility. Their simple, efficient design makes them a popular choice for businesses in need of material handling solutions. By understanding their applications, considering factors when selecting one and following the maintenance practices outlined above, you can optimise your workflow and enjoy the benefits of this technology for years to come.



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